COST is the acronym for “European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research”. It is a framework for international research and development cooperation, allowing to coordinate national research at European level. COST does not fund research as such, but coordination of research. COST includes as member states countries from the European Union, and a number of other European countries. More information about the COST framework can be found at the COST TIST website.

COST 281 is an action within COST-Telecommunication Information Science and Technology, which is one of 18 domains existing in COST at the present time. More information can be found in the Memorandum of Understanding.

The main objective of the Action is to obtain a better understanding of possible health impacts of emerging technologies, especially related to communication and information technologies that may result in exposure to electromagnetic fields.

Some secondary objectives are the providing of

  • a scientific evaluation of the available data for use by various decision makers involved in risk management of electromagnetic
  • a basis for risk communication efforts related to emerging technologies, electromagnetic fields and possible health risks and
  • data on electromagnetic field exposures related to emerging technologies on a European level.

January 11th, 2005:
Workshop in Zurich, Switzerland on February 17-18, 2005
”Do sinusoidal versus non-sinusoidal waveforms make a difference?”

The purpose of the workshop is to examine already existing and emerging new technologies.
The COST 281 Workshop is organized in connection with the EMC 05 Symposium ( The Symposium and Technical Exhibition is held at the main building of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ( Zurich (ETHZ), Rämistrasse 101, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland.

October 22nd, 2004:
Workshop in Schriesheim (near Heidelberg), Germany, on November 15-17, 2004
”Are RF-fields able to raise the risk of cancer?”

The scientific workshop hosted by the FGF in cooperation with COST 281 and the State Ministry of Environment and Transport, Baden-Württemberg organises a closed, non-public workshop for invited attendees.
The purpose of the workshop is to bring together representatives of the working groups which recently have presented publications on this topic, and offer them the possibility of discussing their results.

October 15th, 2004:
Joint workshop WHO-EMF/ COST 281 on November 8th – 9th, 2004 in Ljubljana:
”From Bioeffects to Legislation”

A panel of recognized international experts has been assembled to present state of the science in the field of EMF, to promote scientific background of the EMF guidelines, discuss the different models for EMF standards in new EU member states and their possible harmonization and universal model legislation.

July 28th, 2004:
WHO Workshop in Prague, Czech Republic on October 25-27, 2004
“International Seminar and Working Group meeting on EMF Hypersensitivity”

Sensitivity to EMF has been given the general name “Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity” or EHS. It comprises nervous system symptoms like headache, fatigue, stress, sleep disturbances, skin symptoms like prickling, burning sensations and rashes, pain and ache in muscles and many other health problems. Whatever its cause, EHS is a real and sometimes a disabling problem for the affected persons, while the level of EMF in their neighbourhood is usually no greater than is encountered in normal living environments. Their exposures are generally several orders of magnitude under the limits in internationally accepted standards. The aim of the conference is to review current state of knowledge and opinions of the conference participants and propose ways forward on this issue.

February 17th – 18th, 2005:
COST 281 Workshop in Zurich: ”Do sinusoidal versus non-sinusoidal waveforms make a difference?”
Documents are available at the “documents section” of this website.

October 25th – 27th, 2004:
WHO International Seminar and Working Group meeting on EMF Hypersensitivity
in Prague (Czech Republic)
Comprehensive information at the WHO Website

September 22nd – 24th, 2004:
Joint ICES/COST 281 Workshop on Thermophysiology
in Paris
Download informations, agenda and registration form here.

September 20th – 21st, 2004:
Workshop on EMF Exposure assessment
in Paris
Download Call for contribution and Registration form here.

June 9th – 10th, 2004:
WHO Workshop on Sensitivity of Children to EMF Exposure
in Istanbul (Turkey)
Comprehensive information at the WHO Website

April 28th – 29th, 2004:
Workshop ”Influence of RF Fields on the Expression of Stress Proteins”
in Helsinki (Finland)
The Scope of the Workshop is now available at the “Documents Section” of this website.

April 21st – 28th, 2004:
International School of Bioelectromagnetics in Erice (Siciliy, Italy):
The program of the course is available at the “Documents Section”.

March 18th – 19th, 2004:
Workshop: `Potential bioeffects of new technologies in particular in the UHF range´
in Thessaloniki (Greece)

Other people are also running various affiliate programs on the Internet, and making significant make money from doing so. However, a key ingredient is to ensure that you have a domain name that offers customers confidence in your website.

This also affects standard physical companies, as they would typically require a domain name that matches their brand or business name. If you occur to run a business, you ought to instantly acquire a domain name from that matches the your company’s name, or item range. If you discover that somebody else has already taken it, you might be too late in finding a domain name that offers your company reliability on the Internet.

All websites begin with a domain, which is why any kind of service based on the Internet evolves around the specific domain it carries. With a great domain name, individuals will trust your services and items more easily, as they are confident of your ability to navigate the Internet, just due to the fact that you have a well-chosen domain.

When you are able to get your hands on domain names that are really popular on the Internet, you need to be able to make considerable profits from reselling them. These are just some of the methods you can make cash from domain names.

Another method to figure out the value of a domain is to examine how often it is searched for on all significant online search engine. A lot of companies today, develop sites with domain that are highly searched for on the Internet, thereby satisfying the requirements of everyone who might be searching for that particular term, with a question in mind. Typically, these domain names with high search value can generate a great deal of profits for the individual who owns it, provided he/she has the ability to provide it the required direct exposure.

If you happen to run a company, you ought to immediately acquire a domain name that matches the your business’s name, or product range. Other ways you can make cash from purchasing domain names is to purchase as numerous domain names as possible, and goal to resell it in the future. With more and more business are aiming to set up some form of company on the Internet today, you can nearly particular that a company that occurs to desire a domain name that you are owning, will approach you and ask to buy it from you at a rate much greater than what you paid for.

Other ways you can make money from buying domain names is to buy as many domain as possible, and objective to resell it in the future. Buying a private domain is usually economical, however when you buy them in large amounts, they may cost a significant amount of money. Nevertheless, with increasingly more business are intending to establish some type of business on the Internet today, you can nearly specific that a business that takes place to desire a domain that you are owning, will approach you and ask to purchase it from you at a rate much greater than what you paid for.

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With a goods to person robot, also replenishing your supply as well as inventory can be less complicated. These little robots can wait patiently by your discharging location up until you have boxes ready to be offloaded. From there, the people working on your vehicle can remain with the truck. The robot will pick up the pallets and also carry them to where they need to go. It is simple as well as does not require you to have a great deal of programs abilities to obtain it done.

Forklifts as well as other equipment are needed for the operating of all warehouses. It does not matter whether they are small or large. Also a small warehouse can benefit from them. However, size matters. You wish to stick to a smaller sized forklift or robot helper if the area you are utilizing it in is tiny. The largest stockrooms should have the ability to accommodate bigger ones, also if they are fully automated.

The key to effectively running as well as working in a warehouse is to make sure that every little thing is streamlined and also reliable. We live in a time where warehouse workers have access to an items to person picking robotic.

The whole objective for having a goods to person robot from is to make life less complicated. Not made complex. As soon as these machines are programmed with your storage facility layout, including the rack placements and also other sights where you need them to go easily, they do the job. They go where you require them. Just push a switch to get them turned on. They will certainly do the remainder of the stuff that you need to be done. It does not need workers to stop what they are doing to see the robots.

Having a goods to person robot around is like having a worker that can shrink or extend to go anywhere you need it to go. A forklift can set things from the vehicle onto the small robotic and a reduced platform can get under it. It can lift the platform as well as take it where you require it to go. Nobody will certainly need to worry about whether it obtains where it needs to be or not. It is merely going to lug the item in half the moment and effort of having a person waiting at the system, packing it again, and delivering it to the various other end of the storehouse. This will certainly enhance performance as well as make it feasible for all non-robots to do even more with their time on the clock.

The items to person selecting robot does every little thing that you require it to do. Things can be grabbed, transferred, and dropped off at any kind of place within your warehouse or supply room. It can go to areas where the inventory requires to be chosen up if you have deliveries going out. From there, it can take it to the loading station that you have set up. Multiple stops along its course are not an issue. You will likewise not need to fret that it may run over individuals, machines, or merchandise along the road.

In big storehouses, it can take a whole lot of time to do these easy points without help. Robotics speed up whatever that workers have to do. The appeal of robotics is that they can be independent if established up correctly.

If you bring a mobile AMR robot into your storehouse, you will certainly quicken the process of loading, unloading, and packaging for your workers. These robots can lessen the time that your group has to invest walking from one product packaging area to one more. The robotics function effortlessly, taking a trip from one area to an additional without aid. They can stay clear of accidents with various other things, people, or robots as they take a trip to the following pickup or drop-off areas. Your staff members can just stay in one area waiting for the next one to arrive.

You might additionally select to have a remodeling before a large event. A great deal of bride-to-bes desire a new hairdo prior to they state, "I Do". We really feel that you should have to have the hair that you desire on your wedding. The same is true for all your new bride’s maids, mommy, and extra. Whether you are saying your swears or merely most likely to a senior prom, having a new hairstyle can make you seem like the princess you get on that day. Our beauty parlor is developed to relax you and also make sure that you walk out feeling like a far better, much more beautiful female.

Salon in Tampines

There is a stylist at Tampines that can help you tame the hair you have at They can give you hair treatments that will certainly take away the frizz and include more design to it. They can cut it to provide it the design that you have actually always desired. They placed initiative into taking your hair to the following level to ensure that you can become better with the method your hair looks.

A brand-new "you" can provide you confidence to deal with the obstacles that most of us deal with daily. It can be a way for you to commemorate a major life modification such as a brand-new partner or a brand-new work to like. A make over can provide you a greater self-confidence so that you feel you can go out with that warm guy at work. Every lady or guy out there can gain from an adjustment in their look. The simplest way to have it is to alter your hair a little. Are you all set to see what your hair can really do?

Have you ever desired that you could have hair that looked great and would constantly do what you wanted it to do? If so, you are not the only one. Women around the globe want attractive, healthy and balanced hair that we can flaunt. The reality is, a lot of the females that you envy for their charming locks were not birthed with it. They have actually educated it, and lots of have additionally taken their haircare problems to a wonderful beauty parlor in Singapore, to ensure that they might have the hair that they have always wanted.

When you check out the best salon in Singapore, you can have anything you desire done to your hair. You can select a cut and also style, or perhaps have them do a hairstyle, rebonding & therapy. This procedure can get rid of a few of your all-natural curl as well as replace it with straighter hair that lays where you desire it to be. Their hope is that when you see on your own in the mirror after spending a little time with them, you love who you see looking back at you.

The most effective thing about the hairdresser at Tampines is the fact that every lady who gets in has an experience that will never ever be failed to remember. Their hair can be shorter or much less curly, however it can also be curlier if that is what you desire. They recognize that as a female, you were not born with the hair that you constantly wanted. They understand how to make it. They recognize that each day we do points to harm our hair as well as they know just how to fix the problems that living life has actually created. What extra could you wish for?

When you are ready to be pampered, there is a specialist waiting on you. They comprehend what your hair requires, whether it is harmed or simply doesn’t fit your face well. They can execute miracles with a haircut, rebonding & treatment. They can include shade to assist you hide the grays, which will distribute your age. If you desire to reveal off your wild side a little, they are likewise able to add strong colors. Your wish is their command, all you need to do is have fun as well as relax a little.

When you determine you are ready for an adjustment, a hairdresser in Singapore is a good selection. They strive to exceed as well as past your expectations to achieve the greatest possible consumer fulfillment. While you exist, your every requirement will certainly be satisfied, and also you can cover it off with a facial massage and also a hairdo that goes beyond anything you ever visualized your hair being able to do. They are there to help you become the most gorgeous you, to make sure that you can really feel far better than ever regarding your hair.

The first point that will certainly take place, the cleansing team will create a plan for what they’re most likely to do and exactly how they’re most likely to do it. This is done by thoroughly checking the premise prior to ever before touching anything. This will enable them to know in advance what they require to do, what they’ll require to utilize, the length of time it’s going to take, as well as anything else they need to know. This is additionally normally when they’ll be able to let you recognize what’s going to have to occur.

The cleansing items are what really obtain the task done. A lot of the products that they make use of can not be utilized by the typical janitor. Because they require specific training to be permitted to use, this is. Individuals that work for these commercial cleansing companies need to perform special training programs to ensure they know exactly how to correctly make use of any type of tool or chemical that comes to be necessary at work.

When you call an Industrial Cleaning Singapore service to aid you in your business or office, you might be curious as to simply exactly how they assist you get every little thing clean. You might question why they’re far better than just working with an average custodian. Fact is that cleaning up services can obtain a whole lot extra done than a janitor can. This is because of the specialized tools and also training that they can utilize. Just how can an industrial cleansing solution help you to obtain your company or workplace space shimmering tidy?

When it comes time for you to decide whether or not you must employ an industrial cleaning Singapore solution for your business or office, remember that the answer is almost certainly yes. A lot can be done right by these solutions that would certainly otherwise be overlooked. The procedure is created to be as very easy as feasible for the owner of the facility, leaving you nothing to bother with besides providing a telephone call and establishing things up.

After the planning duration, comes time to clean. The commercial cleaning company have devices and cleansing products that it’s difficult to or else get ahold of. This can help to ensure the best clean possible for the space to be cleansed. As for the devices they utilize, they make use of several specialized items, such as stress washers, and also other tools. These can all assist to get much deeper cleans up, as well as also to get to areas that would be otherwise difficult to reach.

You would not want to employ them and after that locate out that they were abusing medications or alcohol in one more country if you are a company looking for distribution chauffeurs. The problem is, not almost everywhere would certainly consider their previous concerns with alcohol to be a concern for every job and in several locations there has actually been a legalisation of some medical or recreational medicines. It might not show up on a history check as well as whatever is good up until you employ them to drive your lorries and also do it while under the impact of something.

Are you ready to consider a brand-new sort of employment background check by Because someone claimed they were consuming alcohol and driving, they enable you to locate out if the chauffeur that you are hiring has ever been stopped. Then, you can figure out for yourself whether they deserve gambling on or not. If they were fired from a work for using cannabis in an area that enables people to utilize it, you have the right to know about it to make sure that you can determine on your own whether you wish to hire them or otherwise.

As a firm proprietor, it is not constantly very easy to determine that you might wish to hire to hold a setting within your company. It is the main factor that background checks are executed by the majority of employers prior to they work with someone. The catch is, not all background checks are extensive enough to capture or report every little thing. A potential worker that sounds excellent for the task, may not be as great as their resume makes them sound. The issue with this is that when you do realize that the staff member may have rested on the return to, you may already have issues within the company because of them. That is why some people are discovering a much better method to manage employment background check.

There are companies as well as background checks that will certainly show you everything since as a company, you deserve to understand if individuals you employ are individuals you really need on the job. That is why new history checks are enhancing the information companies are getting. You will know every little thing concerning a possible staff member, even if their resume does disappoint anything that would seem a warning.

There has actually never been a circumstance where a company or local business owner employed a person that they understood would jeopardize the business they benefit. No business owner wants the concerns. With times transforming and extra companies going worldwide, the same history checks that were great 10 years ago are not enough today. Everything has actually transformed. We use much better work history checks Singapore. All you need to do is state that you want to know extra.

When you think about working with somebody and also you send to get a history check on them, you may not get the full tale on that particular individual. They might not reach crimes or concerns that happened in an additional country or they may not note small concerns that the individual may have had. That is why most employers are trying to uncover a better method to deal with work background checks Singapore. They are inspecting better, utilizing other programs, that can disclose everything there is to understand about a person’s background.

When employing staff members, a business owner can only base his choices on "gut reaction" for so lengthy before he gets melted by somebody who didn’t end up being as great as thought at. That is why numerous employers now work with individuals usually based on what a history check discloses concerning that individual. Are you going to take a chance on your service? Most companies concur that they would like to have even more details in their employment background checks Singapore. Do you concur?

What occurs if the background check does not tell you all of the details that you should be warned of? It occurs more often than you might assume. Background checks are not always going to tell you the important things that a person carried out in their past. Are you willing to risk your firm or its online reputation on a half-truth regarding your staff member? Choose an extra comprehensive sort of work history checks Singapore and recognize that you have actually truthfully chosen the very best staff member for the work you have offered.

As a lady, you have a great deal of different points taking place. You likely have an active lifestyle with tasks to run, a work to deal with, and also maybe even a family members to care for. Who has time for pain and also pain? Each day there are ladies that experience with a surprise pain. A pain that radiates from their lower belly as well as takes away the high quality of their life. Rather than taking care of it, we state let a fertility professional Singapore help you to feel much better.

The Beauty of Womanhood

Being a woman is a stunning point. Just females are able to produce life within their own body. We are psychological, caring, considerate, and beautiful, also if we feel that we are imperfect. Females are likewise extremely strong individuals who commonly place the needs of others prior to their own.

It is an excellent thing, and all ladies are worthy of respect for it, you do not constantly have to place on your own second. You should have to constantly feel your finest to make sure that you can keep up with the needs that you place upon yourself. You can not do this if you have discomfort, especially not discomfort that starts in your reduced stomach or reproductive body organs.

Know Your Body’s Signals

We are distinguished a young age that being a woman injures. We have stomach aches. We have hefty menstrual cycles. We are alerted regarding the menopausal years which might start at any moment. How are we expected to understand when typical isn’t normal any longer?
It may not be typical if you have tummy pains that put you out of commission for the time you are experiencing them. It isn’t regular if you have discomfort during intimate times. An actually hefty circulation doesn’t have to be something you merely tolerate.

Whether you have had children, want youngsters, or like to never ever have children, you ought to talk to a fertility specialist to see if your issues are regular. Discomfort and also hefty flows might be a hidden problem that drains your capability to enjoy your womanhood. The service is going to be basic compared to all the other things that you have going on.

Speak with a fertility specialist Singapore about anything that you are undergoing. Occasionally hormone treatments may suffice. If that’s all it takes to feel like on your own, why wouldn’t you make use of it?

Singapore supplies small businesses a place where they can expand very quickly. It is a place that is prime for all sorts of business ventures. However, to attain the most success for your organization, you have to ensure everything is documented and accurate. An audit companies is trained to recognize what is anticipated of organizations in Singapore. They recognize what needs to occur to meet the policies set forth by the federal government. They recognize exactly how to ensure that your organization is running properly to make sure that there is never an inquiry of whether you are a good business or not. Do not you want the very best that you can get for your organization and your company’s image?

Every local business owner has a dream that they are attempting to seek. They have a mind that is focused on what they need to do to get ahead in the business globe. As an entrepreneur, your main focus must be on running a firm that is frequently advancing. You need to not need to concentrate on the mundane tasks that can be worked off to another. This is why most organizations, also new ones, resort to and depend upon accountancy and bookkeeping services Singapore.

You will know that you are doing the ideal that you can for your company’s economic side when you work with accounting as well as bookkeeping services Singapore. This will certainly permit you to take care of other vital organization matters. Points will certainly relocate along much more easily, and you will locate money that you may have not known was there. This will allow you the ability to take into consideration expanding past your assumptions. Can you think about a factor to rule out it?

Accountancy as well as bookkeeping services Singapore can aid you take control of your organization’ finances. This will certainly allow you to understand that you are earning a profit and paying employees the quantity that they are owed. They can aid you to prepare accurate financial declarations and also documents earnings tax obligations to make certain that you are getting back whatever you deserve.

In the business world, blunders can cost you greater than money. Some mistakes in bookkeeping can imply legal effects. You have enough to manage without fretting over the numbers that transform quickly within your business. Not every good entrepreneur or businesswoman can be good with both organization and also audit. You do not have to do it all without assistance.

Your world rotates around it when you have an organization to run. If you desire to make a profit, it has to. An easy mathematical blunder can totally transform a business inverted. What takes place if you add incorrect and also feel that you have the cash for a brand-new computer or a brand-new maker, just to recognize that your financial institution now claims you are overdrawn? It happens. An accounting services provider can spot those mistakes prior to they come to be a trouble. This can be really practical for small businesses that may operate on a slim budget, however it can additionally aid a larger firm where blunders can be off by thousands or even more.

Can you think of never having to take care of receipts, invoices, and also order once more? You will not have to subscribe or acquire to pricey software program and also still do the work with your own. Just how much faster would you be able to go residence at the end of your business day? You would have less to deal with as well as less to stress and anxiety over. You would have the capability to recognize that your accounts are done in good standing at the end of daily. You will have time to fix them before they can become a major problem if errors are located.

When you have an accounting providers, their work ends up being ensuring that your service’ finances remain in order. They can aid you with accounting for both statutory as well as monitoring purposes. They can look at your economic statements to ensure you are adhering to all laws. They prepare, file, and also sign up all GST develops so that you do not need to deal with it. As an included assistance for you, they prepare XBRL financial statements based on all filing demands for organizations in Singapore What extra could you wish for?

Explore High End Hifi Speakers For Your Home

When it involves watching flicks, you only have 2 real options to consider. One is going to be most likely to a cinema. The various other choice is to view new motion pictures in your home. A night at the motion pictures can set you back a fair bit if you have a bigger family [...]

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Homeowner Deserves Better High-End Audio Speakers

We can offer it for you when you want a home entertainment area. Your decoration will certainly be considered, and we will do everything we can to make certain your residence theater speakers are not the prime focus that eliminates from your design. They can assimilate to the factor of almost disappearing. It is out [...]

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Using Seminar Room Rental To Achieve Conference Success

Firms around Singapore rely on boardroom leasings to make sure that they can tape sound to make use of as training devices for many years to come. They delight in knowing that they can come here, record videos as well as have quality sound coverage despite the number of people are in participation. As a [...]

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